Unrar command line usage under Debian Linux

The command usage is:

Usage:     unrar  - -  
                


  e             Extract files to current directory
  l[t,b]        List archive [technical, bare]
  p             Print file to stdout
  t             Test archive files
  v[t,b]        Verbosely list archive [technical,bare]
  x             Extract files with full path


  -             Stop switches scanning
  ad            Append archive name to destination path
  ap      Set path inside archive
  av-           Disable authenticity verification check
  c-            Disable comments show
  cfg-          Disable read configuration
  cl            Convert names to lower case
  cu            Convert names to upper case
  dh            Open shared files
  ep            Exclude paths from names
  ep3           Expand paths to full including the drive letter
  f             Freshen files
  id[c,d,p,q]   Disable messages
  ierr          Send all messages to stderr
  inul          Disable all messages
  kb            Keep broken extracted files
  n       Include only specified file
  n@            Read file names to include from stdin
  n@      Include files in specified list file
  o+            Overwrite existing files
  o-            Do not overwrite existing files
  ow            Save or restore file owner and group
  p[password]   Set password
  p-            Do not query password
  r             Recurse subdirectories
  ta      Process files modified after  in YYYYMMDDHHMMSS format
  tb      Process files modified before  in YYYYMMDDHHMMSS format
  tn      Process files newer than 
  to      Process files older than 
  ts[N]  Save or restore file time (modification, creation, access)
  u             Update files
  v             List all volumes
  ver[n]        File version control
  vp            Pause before each volume
  x       Exclude specified file
  x@            Read file names to exclude from stdin
  x@      Exclude files in specified list file
  y             Assume Yes on all queries

See Also

Configuring syslog to receive messages from the network (aka listen)

It is sometimes needed to have a syslog server configured in such a way that is able to listen to the network and log information send through it. By default, this is usually turned off.

All we need to do is run syslog with the option ‘-r’. If we look at syslogd’s man page:

-r This option will enable the facility to receive message from the network using an internet domain socket with the syslog service (see services(5)). The default is to not receive any messages from the network. This option is introduced in version 1.3 of the sysklogd package. Please note that the default behavior is the opposite of how older versions behave, so you might have to turn this on.

An easy way to check if your syslogd (aka syslog daemon) is running with this option enabled is:

ps aux | grep syslogd | grep -v grep

The output should be something like this (some columns have been truncated to fit the page):

root _truncated_ /sbin/syslogd -r -m0

The latest columns state how the syslogd has been started. In this case, it has been started using the options ‘-r’ and ‘-m0’:

/sbin/syslogd -r -m0

How to do the necessary changes

Under Debian Linux, you would need to edit syslogd init script (usually: /etc/init.d/sysklogd) and add the following lines:

# Options for start/restart the daemons
# For remote UDP logging use SYSLOGD="-r"
#
SYSLOGD="-r -m0"

NOTE.- You might want to add -m0 option as well (optional), which disables the automatic syslog timestamp (i.e. a regular mark that is written into the log regularly).

The file should look something like this:

#! /bin/sh
# /etc/init.d/sysklogd: start the system log daemon.

PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin

pidfile=/var/run/syslogd.pid
binpath=/sbin/syslogd

test -x $binpath || exit 0

test ! -r /etc/default/syslogd || . /etc/default/syslogd

# Options for start/restart the daemons
#   For remote UDP logging use SYSLOGD="-r"
#
SYSLOGD="-r -m0"

create_xconsole()
{
    if [ ! -e /dev/xconsole ]; then
        mknod -m 640 /dev/xconsole p
    else
        chmod 0640 /dev/xconsole
    fi
    chown root:adm /dev/xconsole
}

........
........
........
........

After this, you should restart the daemon:

/etc/init.d/sysklogd restart
Restarting system log daemon: syslogd.

And now you should have your syslog daemon listening (you should check again):

ps aux | grep syslogd | grep -v grep

root _truncated_ /sbin/syslogd -r -m0